RESOLUTION ON

THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEDIATION CAPACITY IN THE OSCE AREA

    1. Referring to the UN Charter according to which, inter alia, all Member States shall refrain in their international relations, from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations, the Helsinki Final Act and all OSCE norms, principles and commitments,
    2. Referring to the close partnership between the OSCE and the UN, including the role of the OSCE under Chapter VIII of the UN Charter as a regional organization for the maintenance of international peace and security, acting with the consent of parties to a particular dispute or conflict, as well as the signing of the Framework Agreement for Co operation and Co ordination between the United Nations Secretariat and the CSCE in 1993,
    3. Welcoming the closer co-operation between all OSCE institutions and the United Nations, the European Union and the Council of Europe in their efforts to bring stability by addressing specific severe political crisis situations in participating States,
    4. Recognizing the historical role of the OSCE in early warning, conflict prevention and resolution, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation,
    5. Referring to the UNGA Resolutions 65/283 of 22 June 2011 and 66/291 of 13 September 2012 on strengthening the role of mediation in the peaceful settlement of disputes, conflict prevention and resolution,
    6. Referring to OSCE Ministerial Council Decision No. 3/11 on the Conflict Cycle, where, inter alia, the Secretary General was tasked with preparing a proposal on how to make better use of the possible contributions of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in developing a more effective response to emerging crisis and conflict situations,
    7. Stressing the importance of mediation activities in peacebuilding and recovery processes, in particular in preventing post-conflict countries from relapsing into conflict,

The Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE:

    1. Supports the priority of the Swiss OSCE Chairmanship to enhance mediation capabilities within the OSCE, and welcomes the initiative of the Swiss Chairmanship to establish an OSCE Friends of Mediation Group, which was spearheaded by Turkey and Finland;
    2. Urges the Swiss Chairmanship and the OSCE executive structures to make better use of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in the work of the Friends of Mediation Group and to involve the OSCE PA in activities pertaining to the prevention of future crisis situations and rapid reactions once such situations are evolving;
    3. Recommends the development of a civilian and reaction capability that could be deployed in times of crisis to supplement the work of the field operations, and that could assist in assessing the situation and the needs, and make policy recommendations to the OSCE executive bodies for future action;
    4. Welcomes efforts to implement UNSCR 1325 on women as active agents in peace and security by ensuring increased representation of women at all levels in conflict resolution and peace processes;
    5. Proposes the establishment of an ad hoc contact group on mediation in the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly for co-operation with the relevant OSCE executives.