1. Guided by the OSCE's comprehensive concept of common, inclusive, co-operative and indivisible security, and its multidimensional approach thereto, as well as its previous Ministerial Council Decisions on Afghanistan,
    2. Bearing in mind that Afghanistan is an OSCE Partner for Co-operation and shares common borders with OSCE participating States, that new security challenges recognize no borders and thus constitute issues of concern for all participating States, and that therefore efforts towards addressing these challenges in Afghanistan should remain high on the agenda of the Organization,
    3. Recognizing the central role of Afghanistan in regional peace and security,
    4. Convinced that lasting stability in Afghanistan can only be possible within a regional framework which combines the co-operation efforts of its neighbours with those of the international community,
    5. Reaffirming that all OSCE efforts and endeavours towards Afghanistan should be tailored in a way that is consistent with the priorities of the Afghan Government and complements existing national, regional and international initiatives and programmes,
    6. Noting that the problems that plague Afghanistan are of a trans boundary nature, and that the spread of terrorism, organized crime and the production and trafficking of all kinds of narcotics pose veritable threats to the rule of law and to the basic rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals across the OSCE geographical area,
    7. Stressing the crucial importance of advancing regional co-operation as an effective means to promote security, stability and economic and social development in Afghanistan,
    8. Reaffirming support to the ongoing Afghan-led regional efforts within the framework of the "Istanbul Process on Regional Security and Cooperation for a Secure and Stable Afghanistan",
    9. Emphasizing the importance of full participation of women in the reconstruction, political and economic processes of Afghanistan,
    10. Welcoming the holding of the historic presidential and provincial council elections between 5 April and 14 June 2014, reiterating the importance of the elections for the country's future, and commending the participation of the Afghan people and their determination to cast their votes despite terrorist threats,
    11. Applauding the Afghan-led efforts to prepare for and hold these elections and, in that regard, recognizing the crucial role of the Afghan electoral institutions, expressing the importance of their continued efforts in the rest of the election process in ensuring an unequivocal result that is accepted by the entire Afghan people, and commending the valuable assistance provided by the Election Support Team deployed by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR),
    12. Recognizing the crucial role of the Afghan electoral institutions, as well as the valuable assistance provided by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights Election Support Team,
    13. Commending the performance of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) in providing the necessary security conditions at the polls,
    14. Noting with satisfaction the progress of the transition of lead responsibility for security in Afghanistan from the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to the ANSF, and underlining the importance of the continued support of the international community in the sustainment of the ANSF for enduring stability in Afghanistan,
    15. Taking note of the positive results of the "Resolution on the Development of OSCE Co operation with Afghanistan by 2014 and Beyond" which called upon OSCE participating States and other OSCE Partners for Co-operation to strengthen their political dialogue, engagement and consultations with Afghanistan,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Calls upon the OSCE participating States and Partners for Co-operation to increase their contributions in all three dimensions of the OSCE as well as in cross-dimensional issues to serve the well-being, peace and prosperity of the Afghan people, and for the promotion of OSCE values, standards and commitments, notably through the OSCE Border Management Staff College in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, the OSCE Academy in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, and in the training centres of the participating States and Partners for Co operation;
    2. Recommends the adoption and implementation of all necessary measures to ensure effective control of OSCE participating States' borders with Afghanistan;
    3. Expresses its conviction to continue to support Afghanistan beyond 2014, through the Decade of Transformation, with a view to expanding and consolidating the achievements of the last 12 years on the ground;
    4. Supports regional co-operation between and among law enforcement agencies and non-governmental organizations in combating terrorism and transnational crime and bolstering law enforcement action against the production and trafficking of narcotics originating in Afghanistan;
    5. Emphasizes the importance of preventing the production and marketing of substances used in the production process of opiates, and the contribution the international community may bring to efforts to this end, including taking all possible measures to reduce the demand for psychotropic substances;
    6. Calls upon the relevant OSCE executive structures, in accordance with their mandates, to develop concrete proposals in the fulfilment of the OSCE's declared support for the implementation of the "counter-narcotics", "counter-terrorism" and "education" Confidence-Building Measures within the framework of the Istanbul Process;
    7. Encourages the Government of Afghanistan to further reinforce its already existing efforts to enhance capacity-building activities to the benefit of all Afghan security forces and public employees;
    8. Also encourages Afghanistan, OSCE participating States, Partners for Co-operation and OSCE Executive Structures, in line with relevant OSCE decisions and declarations, to ensure that the elimination of discrimination against women, women's participation in all sectors – social, political and economic – of public life, women's empowerment and the protection of women's rights remains a priority on the agenda of engagement across all three dimensions;
    9. Urgently recommends all participating States and Partners for Co-operation to continue their humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan through established channels and mechanisms pursuant to Afghan requests in the aftermath of the natural disasters that affected the Jawzjan, Faryab, Sar-i Pul and Badakhshan provinces.