RESOLUTION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF OSCE CO-OPERATION WITH AFGHANISTAN BY 2014 AND BEYOND

    1. Welcoming the implementation, for almost ten years now, of the OSCE's co operation with Afghanistan, Asian Partner for Co-operation since 2003,
    2. Convinced that the long-term security and stability of Afghanistan has a direct impact on the security of the OSCE area,
    3. Recalling Ministerial Council Decision No. 4/07 of Madrid on OSCE Engagement with Afghanistan of 2007, which enabled the OSCE to respond to Afghanistan's request for assistance in the fields of border security, police training and the fight against drug trafficking,
    4. Recalling the "Astana Commemorative Declaration: Towards a Security Community", adopted by the OSCE Summit in December 2010, recognizing in particular that the security of the OSCE area is inextricably linked to that of adjacent areas, notably in Asia, calling for an increase of the level of interaction with the Partners for Co-operation and underscoring the need to contribute effectively to collective international efforts to promote a stable, independent, prosperous and democratic Afghanistan,
    5. Welcoming Ministerial Council Decision No. 4/11, Vilnius 2011, on strengthening OSCE engagement with Afghanistan, which widens OSCE engagement with Afghanistan from the politico-military dimension to the economic and environmental dimension and the human dimension,
    6. Recognizing the primary role of the United Nations Security Council in maintaining global security and stability and in international efforts to promote peace and stability in Afghanistan, as well as the invaluable contribution of the relevant international and regional organizations and players, and stressing the importance of co-ordinating those efforts and avoiding duplication,
    7. Welcoming the appeal made to the OSCE by the UN Secretary General's Special Representative for Afghanistan and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Mr. Ján Kubiš, on 14 May 2012 in Vienna for increased OSCE co-operation with Afghanistan in various areas,
    8. Underlining the importance of an efficient transition towards a transfer to the Afghan authorities of full responsibility for security over the whole of the Afghan territory in 2014,
    9. Highlighting the Afghanistan Government's particular responsibility for the long-term security and stability of the country, to be achieved in the context of a process that is Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan-driven,
    10. Affirming that the OSCE, as a regional organization implementing a comprehensive approach to security, notably with confidence-building measures, has the necessary experience and expertise for its Partners for Co-operation, in particular Afghanistan, and can make a tangible contribution before and after 2014,
    11. Underlining the added value of the OSCE field missions, especially in Central Asia, in helping to reinforce the security of the borders between Afghanistan and its adjoining OSCE participating States,
    12. Welcoming the Istanbul Process on Regional Security and Co-operation for a Secure and Stable Afghanistan that was launched on 2 November 2011, recognizing Afghanistan's role as a land bridge "in the heart of Asia" linking South Asia, Central Asia and Eurasia, to which the OSCE remains committed, and welcoming the results of its first ministerial meeting, which took place in Kabul on 14 June 2012, in particular with regard to the approved confidence-building measures,
    13. Welcoming the co-operation activities with Afghanistan implemented by Thailand and Mongolia, Partners for Co-operation, respectively, to help Afghanistan to combat drug trafficking and to reinforce the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
    14. Welcoming also the invitation from the Afghan Independent Electoral Commission sent in May 2012 via the Afghan authorities to the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) to present in Kabul its assessment report on the Afghan electoral process of 2010 and its recommendations in that regard for the upcoming presidential and parliamentary elections,

The Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Calls upon the OSCE participating States and other OSCE Partners for Co-operation to strengthen their political dialogue and consultations with Afghanistan in the context of a "two-way" dialogue for a safe, stable, prosperous and democratic Afghanistan, so that it may never again be a haven for terrorism;
    2. Calls upon the OSCE participating States and other Partners for Co-operation to increase, by 2014 and beyond, their contributions to the new co-operation projects in all three dimensions and to OSCE activities for the reinforcement of the security of the Afghan borders with its OSCE Central Asian neighbours, for the training of the Afghan police for civil policing tasks in communities on the ground, for the fight against transnational threats, in particular the fight against drug trafficking and other forms of trafficking, and for the promotion of the OSCE's values, standards and commitments in the three dimensions, notably with the OSCE's Border Management Staff College in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, the OSCE's Academy in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, and in the training centres of the participating States and Partners for Co-operation;
    3. Encourages the OSCE to maintain a balance between political and security priorities in Afghanistan;
    4. Calls upon the OSCE to establish a multilateral mechanism for co operation with regional bodies such as CICA (Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia), CSTO (Collective Security Treaty Organization), SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation) and CARICC (Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre) in order to support Afghanistan more effectively, and to avoid duplication of effort by the international community;
    5. Calls upon the participating States and Partners for Co-operation to contribute to the implementation of the confidence-building measures developed in the context of the Istanbul Process;
    6. Encourages Afghanistan and the ODIHR to continue their co-operation and to have a fruitful dialogue on strengthening the democratic electoral process in Afghanistan;
    7. Calls upon the Afghan Government to ensure inclusive and credible presidential and parliamentary elections, to strengthen independent electoral institutions and to guarantee respect for human rights, including women's rights;
    8. Calls upon the participating OSCE States to encourage broader participation of Afghan officials and representatives of Afghan civil society in OSCE activities, conferences and events, with a view to a voluntary implementation of the OSCE's standards, principles and commitments in all three dimensions.