RESOLUTION ON THE OSCE AND EMERGING DEMOCRACIES IN THE ARAB WORLD

    1. Having regard to resolution 2009 of the United Nations Security Council of 16 September 2011, aimed at supporting the transitional authorities in Libya,
    2. Having regard to United Nations Security Council resolution 2043 of 21 April 2012, adopted following a compromise with Russia and providing for the deployment of 300 unarmed observers in Syria,
    3. Having regard to the commendable efforts of Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon, which, as neighbouring countries to Syria, have provided facilities and assistance to Syrian citizens seeking refuge in their territories due to the mounting violence in Syria,
    4. Having regard to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols, protecting people who are not taking part in hostilities (civilians, medical personnel, chaplains and aid workers) and those who are no longer participating in hostilities (the wounded, the sick, shipwrecked persons and prisoners of war),
    5. Having regard to resolution 1831 (2011) of the Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly of 4 October 2011, on "Co-operation between the Council of Europe and the emerging democracies in the Arab world",
    6. Having regard to resolution 1818 (2011) and resolution 1830 (2011) of the Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly, granting the Parliament of Morocco and the Palestinian National Council "Partner for Democracy" status,
    7. Having regard to OSCE policy to promote dialogue and co-operation with the countries and regions on the periphery of Europe, in particular by creating an OSCE Parliamentary Assembly "Partner for Co-operation" status,
    8. Having regard to the involvement and engagement of OSCE countries in supporting the countries engaged in peaceful democratic transition, and having regard to the experience gained by the OSCE in democratic transition, especially in Eastern European countries and the Balkans,
    9. Noting that democratization is a long, multileveled process that should develop from within the Middle East and North African region and should reflect, above all, the will of the Arab countries' peoples, while taking into account the specific nature of each of these countries,
    10. Having regard to the commendable initiative by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development aimed at promoting and facilitating investment in countries in the Arab world that are taking steps towards democracy and facilitating access for such countries to European markets, in particular agricultural markets, trade, business start-ups and the creation of infrastructure and jobs,
    11. Having regard to the tragedy affecting thousands of people in Syria and their wish for a peaceful transition to democracy,
    12. Having regard also to the tragedy of the refugees who died in the Mediterranean, which must not be repeated,
    13. Having regard to democratic transition in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya,
    14. Having regard to the democratic aspirations expressed by the peoples of Bahrain and Yemen,
    15. Having regard to the reform of the Moroccan Constitution of 1 July 2011,
    16. Having regard, lastly, to the fact that in the absence of appropriate assistance enabling these countries to implement peaceful democratic transition, forces that are hostile to the democratic process may take control and claim thousands of further victims,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Calls upon the Governments and Parliaments of OSCE participating States to implement all appropriate measures to ensure the success of democratic transition in the Arab countries engaged in this process, so as to enable the people's voices to be heard by offering appropriate assistance to democratically elected entities that request it, in particular by giving them the benefit of their experience in this regard;
    2. Invites OSCE participating States to engage in or strengthen dialogue with democratically elected forces in Arab countries so that they can develop democracy at national, regional and local levels;
    3. Invites OSCE participating States and the authorities of the Arab countries engaged in a process of democratization to effectively implement democracy, the rule of law, respect for public freedoms and human rights, and in particular gender equality, freedom of belief and the freedom to practise any religion or none;
    4. Invites OSCE participating States and the authorities of the Arab countries engaged in a process of democratization to promote dialogue with each other and to deepen and broaden their co-operation;
    5. Invites OSCE participating States to strengthen their contacts with the League of Arab States with a view to implementing co-ordinated co-operation and providing international mutual assistance for countries in the Arab world engaged in a process of democratization that wish to participate;
    6. Invites OSCE participating States and also international economic and financial organizations to encourage and facilitate access to their internal markets for products and services and to their financial markets for the Arab countries engaged in a process of democratization;
    7. Invites OSCE participating States to develop trade with the Arab countries engaged in a process of democratization and foster business start-ups in these countries;
    8. Invites OSCE participating States and international organizations to foster academic exchanges between participating States and the Arab countries engaged in a process of democratization to enable students from these countries to benefit from an international experience and the quality of teaching offered in participating States and to enable students from participating States to have a better understanding of these countries' cultures;
    9. Invites OSCE participating States and the Arab States engaged in a process of democratization to co-operate in order to more forcefully combat corruption, inhuman or degrading treatment and violence, including against minorities and women, and to abolish the death penalty where applicable;
    10. Invites OSCE participating States to take into account the positions expressed by civil society and to support its action to foster democracy, in particular by facilitating access to information, promoting freedom of expression and strengthening freedom of the press.