1. Convinced that nuclear weapons remain a threat to the security of the OSCE participating States, and that all countries should take steps to promote a safer world by pursuing their eventual elimination,
    2. Recognizing that for more than 50 years, the international community has struggled to make the acquisition and development of such weapons more difficult and less desirable,
    3. Convinced that the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) provides the norm and the foundation for an international regime to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, and has led several states to abandon their nuclear weapons programmes or eliminate their nuclear weapons arsenal,
    4. Aware that changes in the international security environment require the strengthening of the NPT regime and its adaptation to the threats of the 21st century, aiming at its universalization,
    5. Worried about the unresolved issues regarding the Iranian nuclear programme, including those which need to be clarified to exclude the existence of possible military dimensions, and the potential of nuclear proliferation in a volatile region,
    6. Concerned that the presence of nuclear weapons in the Middle East may aggravate already deep divisions between some of the region's states and that any escalation of existing tensions may lead to drastic measures with devastating consequences for the region and the world,
    7. Commending Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PNND) for their efforts to reduce the threat posed by nuclear weapons worldwide, in particular their initiative for a Middle East free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Encourages participating States to maintain pressure on Iran in order to make the country fully comply with its obligations under relevant conventions and resolutions of the UN Security Council, and to meet the requirements set by the International Atomic Energy Agency;
    2. Calls on participating States to work for a diplomatic solution to the threat represented by the Iranian nuclear programme;
    3. Urges Iran to engage constructively in a process aimed at restoring international confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of its nuclear programme, while respecting the legitimate right to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy consistent with the NPT;
    4. Underlines that countries refusing to abide by their international nuclear non-proliferation obligations must be held accountable;
    5. Calls on participating States possessing nuclear weapons to undertake further measures to reduce their arsenals as part of the global effort to enhance nuclear security;
    6. Calls on participating States to support the initiative of a Middle East free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction.