1. Recalling its Berlin Declaration of 2002 on Confronting Terrorism as a Global Challenge in the 21st century, chapter I of its Edinburgh Declaration of 2004 and chapter III of its Washington Declaration of 2005 and its accompanying resolutions on Terrorism by Suicide Bombers and on Terrorism and Human Rights,
    2. Recalling its 2011 Resolution on Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism,
    3. Noting the Ministerial Statement on Supporting the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy of 2007, the Ministerial Council Decision No. 10/08 on Further Promoting the OSCE's Action in Countering Terrorism, and the Ministerial Council Decision No. 2/09 on Further OSCE Efforts to Address Transnational Threats and Challenges to Security and Stability, specifically where it commends the OSCE's contribution to countering violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism,
    4. Also noting the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force's First Report of the Working Group on Radicalization and Extremism that Lead to Terrorism of 2008,
    5. Welcoming the OSCE Chairmanship priorities for 2012, which highlight the need to further elaborate the OSCE's role in countering violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism,
    6. Commending the valuable work that has been undertaken in this field by the OSCE's executive structures, in particular the Transnational Threats Department/Action against Terrorism Unit and the Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR),
    7. Stressing that terrorism cannot and should not be associated with any religion, nationality, race, civilization or ethnic group,
    8. Underlining that violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism is of serious concern to OSCE participating States and that a necessary first step in any effective and comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy is to prevent and counter the processes of radicalization that lead individuals and groups to support and to resort to terrorist violence in pursuit of whatever might be their motivations and aims,
    9. Convinced that a multi-dimensional understanding of the dynamics behind violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism is essential to designing and implementing effective strategies to combat terrorism,
    10. Reaffirming the comprehensive approach of the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy towards countering terrorism by addressing not only its manifestations, but also the conditions conducive to its spread, including but not limited to prolonged unresolved conflicts, dehumanization of victims of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, lack of rule of law and violations of human rights, ethnic, national and religious discrimination, political exclusion, socio-economic marginalization and lack of good governance, while recognizing that none of these conditions can excuse or justify acts of terrorism,
    11. Stressing that this involves, inter alia, strengthening the resilience of individuals, communities and societies in order to prevent sympathy and support for those who incite and resort to terrorist violence,
    12. Emphasizing the important role of national parliaments in, inter alia, addressing factors conducive to terrorism and exercising democratic control over the security sector, as well as adopting appropriate national legislation to prevent and combat terrorism, in line with relevant international obligations, including international human rights law, refugee law and international humanitarian law,
    13. Emphasizing also that effectively understanding and addressing the factors conducive to terrorism requires a multi-stakeholder and multi-dimensional approach, which upholds human rights and the rule of law, draws on inter-agency co-ordination and public-private partnerships, and combines actions at both the national and local levels,
    14. Welcoming the organization, as a joint pioneering initiative of the OSCE Secretariat and the OSCE ODIHR, of two regional expert roundtables respectively focused on preventing women terrorist radicalization, and on the role and empowerment of women in countering violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism,
    15. Taking note of the joint project of the OSCE Secretariat's Transnational Threats Department and the OSCE ODIHR to develop a guidebook on community policing and preventing terrorism, which aims at providing guidance on how to use police public partnerships as part of an effective, human rights compliant and gender sensitive, multi-disciplinary approach to preventing terrorism and countering violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Calls upon national parliaments of OSCE participating States to advocate democratic and human rights values and promote pluralistic debate, as well as concrete actions to address factors conducive to terrorism;
    2. Strongly encourages interparliamentary exchange and action among OSCE Parliamentary Assembly members with regard to countering violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism;
    3. Calls on the OSCE participating States and Partners for Co-operation to actively share good practices and lessons learned in countering violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism, including understanding and analysing factors conducive to terrorism, design and implementation of national and local level policies and measures, and development of public-private partnership initiatives;
    4. Invites the OSCE participating States to engage with relevant OSCE executive structures and to provide funding for the organization of roundtables and training courses on regional, sub-regional and national level approaches to countering radicalization and violent extremism that lead to terrorism, to the benefit of counter terrorism practitioners and other government officials, as well as civil society stakeholders;
    5. Endorses the initiative to develop a consolidated framework for OSCE counter terrorism activities for adoption by the OSCE participating States.