1. Considering that the status of food security is essential to the achievement of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1, which calls upon development actors to halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger as well as halve the proportion of people living on less than USD 1 per day,
    2. Considering that despite the expected achievement of MDG 1, hundreds of millions of people will continue to suffer from chronic hunger and the situation of the impoverished and hungry in many nations will not reflect the success of the global enterprise,
    3. Considering that the global nature of climate change and its status as an impediment to the development of green economies demand that agricultural, energy and water sectors be addressed strategically with a regional perspective,
    4. Noting the serious impact of water scarcity on agriculture, particularly in developing countries, where agriculture is a predominant economic sector, and these countries' growing dependency on food imports for their food security,
    5. Recognizing the strain that the impacts of desertification and water scarcity impose on the world's natural resources, which will be tasked with the challenge of feeding a global population that is expected to rise to 9 billion people by 2050,
    6. Recognizing that in order to combat water scarcity, countries with expertise in maximizing limited natural resources must come to the aid of governments and communities that lack the know-how to take advantage of their own national water supplies and may effectively do so by establishing partnerships based on capacity building,
    7. Recalling that the Belgrade Declaration calls for the OSCE to include food security on its agenda and commits the OSCE to the development of energy-saving technologies and renewable sources of energy,
    8. Stressing that global food security will remain a paramount issue to the global effort towards sustainable development, and that food prices must remain equitable in order to maintain the momentum of ensuring food security for all,
    9. Stressing that the role of transnational politico-military threats in the degradation of food security may constrain the extent of international co-operation and that regional co operation should not compromise the respect for national sovereignty,
    10. Expressing concern that impeded access to water resources and misuse of water resources among countries sharing the same water resources constitute potential conflict threats,
    11. Taking into account the negative, destructive effects of mining on the environment and on supplies of water resources (glaciers),

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Calls on the OSCE participating States to ensure the safety of supplies of water resources (glaciers) and to prevent contamination of the environment by toxic industrial waste;
    2. Stresses the importance of developing open lines of communication between development actors in order to encourage parliaments, governments and civil society stakeholders to utilize and share their comparative advantages;
    3. Asks the Office of the Co-ordinator of the OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities to continue its efforts towards improving food security by recognizing the problems of desertification, water scarcity, rural and desert livelihoods, shortage of basic food supplies and the necessity for desalination, as well as the need to search for alternative energy as a means to eradicate poverty in all its work related to accomplishing the Millennium Development Goals;
    4. Invites participating States of the OSCE to share their comparative advantages in the fields of water treatment and water reclamation by engaging partners through practical projects, educational seminars, and the transfer of technology complemented by training to ensure competency in the management of such technology in locations to be determined based on strategic placement or convenience;
    5. Stresses the need for enhanced efforts to establish an international legal framework for resolving disputes over water resources and ensuring an equitable use of shared water supplies.