1. Recalling previous output of the OSCE PA as well as international agreements and conventions, inter alia, the relevant protocols of the Hague and the Geneva Conventions, the Charter for Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflicts and the ILO Convention 182 on the worst forms of child labour,
    2. Noting that children are disproportionately affected by natural disasters and crises, which pose a direct and serious danger to their lives and to the existence of their community or even the whole population,
    3. Bearing in mind that children are the most vulnerable members of society, especially when the crisis situation results in deprivation of family and home,
    4. Worried that during and after a crisis situation children are particularly exposed to traumatic exploitation and violations of their physical and psychological integrity,
    5. Underlining that educational activities in emergency and crisis situations can provide children with a sense of the normality and security needed for them to grow and flourish,
    6. Stressing that the transition from humanitarian assistance towards reconstruction and sustainable development is guaranteed by education together with health care and the provision of nourishment and water,
    7. Commending the valuable work that has been undertaken by all organizations acting in this field,
    8. Concerned that the insufficiently targeted and co-ordinated assistance may deteriorate rather than improve the situation of children,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Underlines that every humanitarian action must take into account children's specific needs and provide them with a protective environment allowing them to survive and to pursue their physical, emotional and mental development;
    2. Encourages the OSCE participating States to create targeted programmes respecting local culture and lifestyles and being part of a continuous action;
    3. Urges the OSCE participating States to establish afterwards assistance projects necessary to protect children's future and enable them to contribute to the reconstruction process;
    4. Calls upon the OSCE participating States to support, in countries affected by crises, legislative, judicial and institutional reforms, especially those focused on the protection of children against all risks;
    5. Calls upon national parliaments of OSCE participating States to support all actions ensuring both child protection and the needs of mothers, since their situation generally has a direct impact on the wellbeing of the children;
    6. Recommends that all supervisory bodies carry out frequent and detailed monitoring of all relevant humanitarian actions to ensure that good co ordination among international humanitarian agencies and national and local authorities is maintained in order to provide coherent, unduplicated and effective humanitarian responses, along with increasing operational flexibility for all parties involved in international organizations in rapidly adapting operations to new situations.