RESOLUTION ON ADDRESSING RACISM AND XENOPHOBIA AFFECTING PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT IN THE OSCE REGION

    1. Whereas the OSCE region is home to more than forty-two million persons of African ancestry, including more than seven million persons residing in Europe,
    2. Whereas the terms "Afro-European", "African European", or "Black European" are often used to refer to people of African ancestry or descent born in, citizens of, or living in Europe,
    3. Whereas the presence of African descendants in the OSCE region can be traced to voluntary and forced migration associated with the geographical proximity of Europe to Africa and the Middle East, including the transatlantic slave trade, the colonization of Africa and the Caribbean, African and African-American military deployments, the movement of refugees and asylum seekers, and educational and other professional exchanges,
    4. Whereas, unlike more contemporary figures, largely unknown persons of African origin have contributed to the history and culture of the OSCE region, including Spanish poet Juan Latino, Italian Duke Alessandro Medici, French novelist Alexandre Dumas, German scholar Anthony William Amo, French composer Le Chevalier de St. George, British abolitionist Oladuah Equiano, and Russian General and Governor Abram Hannibal, great-grandfather of Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin,
    5. Whereas on 6 July 2011, the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly unanimously adopted the Resolution "Strengthening Efforts to Combat Racism and Xenophobia and Foster Inclusion" recognizing the United Nation's designation of 2011 as the International Year for People of African Descent,
    6. Whereas on 10 November 2011, the OSCE/ODIHR Tolerance and Non-Discrimination Department held the OSCE's first "Roundtable on the contemporary forms of racism and xenophobia affecting People of African Descent in the OSCE region" in conjunction with the 10-11 November 2011 Supplementary Human Dimension Meeting "Prevention of Racism, Xenophobia, and Hate Crimes Through Educational and Awareness-raising Initiatives",
    7. Whereas despite significant achievements, findings from the Roundtable and SHDIM revealed that African descendants are more likely than the general population to face barriers to equality of opportunity and experience discrimination, including hate crimes and racial profiling, and be underrepresented in leadership roles in the public and private sector as a result of the colour of their skin and ancestry,
    8. Whereas OSCE Participating States have adopted a comprehensive normative framework to prevent and respond to manifestations of racism and xenophobia (MC Dec 03/04., MC Dec 9/09),

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Supports implementation by the OSCE and participating States of the recommendations from the OSCE/ODIHR Tolerance and Non-Discrimination Department "Roundtable on the contemporary forms of racism and xenophobia affecting of People of African Descent in the OSCE region";
    2. Encourages the recognition and celebration of the collective history and achievements made by people of African descent in the OSCE region;
    3. Reaffirms the importance of inclusion and the full and equal participation of people of African descent in the OSCE region in all aspects of political, economic, social, and cultural life;
    4. Reaffirms the commitment of participating States to address racism, xenophobia, discrimination, hate crimes and intolerance in the OSCE region;
    5. Calls upon participating States to engage in efforts to promote racial equality and combat racial discrimination, including through anti-discrimination legislation, the collection of data, and strengthening the capacity of legal institutions to address racial discrimination;
    6. Supports the introduction of measures within participating States to counter stereotypical images by increasing efforts to include accurate portrayals of African descendants in educational curricula including textbooks, history and heritage institutions, in the media, and remembering victims of colonialism and slavery;
    7. Supports efforts to promote racial and ethnic minority participation at all levels of national, regional and local government, including recruiting, training and hiring for professional positions to assist in the development and implementation of policies that will further anti-discrimination and equal opportunity;
    8. Notes recommendations pertaining to combating inequality and discrimination towards African descendants and other minorities from the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial discrimination, the UN Experts Working Group on People of African descent (WGPAD), the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, the UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Racism and Independent Expert on minority issues, the OSCE Tolerance Personal Representative responsible for Combating Racism and Xenophobia, ODIHR, and the Transatlantic Dialogue on Minority Political Leadership, and other institutions;
    9. Notes the continued need for the OSCE as a Chapter VIII regional organization of the United Nations to support the original goals and ideals of the designation of 2011 as the International Year for People of African Descent by the United Nations with the goal of strengthening national actions to ensure that people of African descent enjoy economic, cultural, social, civil, and political rights, as well as promote a greater knowledge of and respect for their diverse heritage and culture;
    10. Reaffirms that respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, democracy and the rule of law is at the core of the OSCE comprehensive concept of security, and that manifestations of discrimination and intolerance threaten the security of individuals and societal cohesion, and have the potential to lead to conflict and violence on a wider scale in the OSCE region.