HELSINKI +40

CHAPTER I

POLITICAL AFFAIRS AND SECURITY

    1. Reaffirming the commitment to the vision of a free, democratic, common and indivisible Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security community stretching from Vancouver to Vladivostok,
    2. Commemorating the adoption of the 1999 Charter for European Security at the Istanbul Summit, which made important progress on confidence- and security-building measures and arms control,
    3. Recalling the Helsinki +40 process established in the OSCE Ministerial Council Decision in Dublin and welcoming this opportunity for renewed dialogue on important aspects of the future of the OSCE,
    4. Considering the Helsinki +40 process to be an opportunity for the OSCE to reaffirm, at the highest level, the relevance of its founding principles pertaining to international law and the UN Charter and to more actively ensure participating States' full and equal implementation of these principles,
    5. Underlining the need to proceed with the ongoing discussions and negotiations in order to update and modernize the 1999 Vienna Document,
    6. Regretting the lack of progress in settling unresolved conflicts in the OSCE area,
    7. Stressing the lack of progress in fully implementing OSCE, Council of Europe (CoE) and UN documents,
    8. Stressing that the settlement of protracted conflicts in the OSCE area and the need to step up efforts in this regard in accordance with international law and OSCE principles constitutes an essential condition for achieving a security community as called for by the Astana Commemorative Declaration,
    9. Expressing concern about the possible implications for the security situation in Central Asia of the forthcoming withdrawal of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan,
    10. Stressing that the Helsinki +40 process must be reinvigorated by making steady, year-by-year progress towards achieving its fundamental goals of building security in the OSCE region, in particular:

i. resolving conflicts,
ii. preventing conflicts
iii. securing long-term arms reduction and
iv. curtailing provocative or threatening military actions,

    1. Welcoming, however, the role played by Central Asian participating States through enhanced co-operation, in particular through the Istanbul Process for a secure and stable Afghanistan, whose latest conference was held in April 2013 in Almaty, Kazakhstan,
    2. Convinced that the OSCE can play a vital role thanks to its expertise, especially after the ISAF withdrawal, in helping to strengthen the rule of law, security and development and in combating corruption,
    3. Concerned about the vulnerability of women in conflicts and post conflict situations to human trafficking because they are likely to be affected by statelessness and reduced economic opportunities,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Calls for clarification of the goals and purpose of the Helsinki +40 process by the OSCE Chairmanship, in co-operation with the next two chairmanships, whilst informing the public about the process to increase the level of interest and transparency;
    2. Urges participating States to make use of the Helsinki +40 process to rebuild mutual trust and to combine informal diplomatic dialogue with political engagement from capitals to achieve an agreement on essential updates for the OSCE, and calls upon OSCE participating States to take advantage of this process at the political level to reach concrete decisions on an action plan to achieve an indivisible Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security community stretching from Vancouver to Vladivostok in line with the Declaration on Principles Guiding Relations between participating States of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975;
    3. In this connection, recommends that participating States incorporate ideas about reform of OSCE decision-making bodies, especially the ones listed in the OSCE PA 2005 Colloquium Report, in order to be better able to take the necessary decisions for action;
    4. Reiterates the obligation of participating States to provide for democratic oversight of their armed, internal, paramilitary and intelligence forces as well as the police, to ensure that their armed forces remain politically neutral and to guarantee that international humanitarian law (the Geneva Conventions) is respected;
    5. Calls upon OSCE participating States to recognize the importance of democratic control of armed and security forces and to implement better and develop further the Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security, a landmark document in security sector governance;
    6. Calls on participating States to incorporate ideas about reform of OSCE institutions and instruments in order to guarantee full implementation of all OSCE documents;
    7. Urges the OSCE Secretary General to fulfil the 2004 OSCE Gender Action Plan for the Promotion of Gender Equality, which includes increased representation of women as heads and deputy heads of OSCE field missions as well as in the leadership of OSCE institutions;
    8. Calls on the OSCE Permanent Council to incorporate the Assembly's input and ideas into the Helsinki +40 process and to consider the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly as the most direct link to the people of the OSCE region, as a partner in the process;
    9. Calls on participating States to continue to monitor their implementation of OSCE commitments, in all three OSCE security dimensions, including political and military security and economic and environmental co-operation, and democracy and human rights, and stresses the important role of parliaments in this respect;
    10. Welcomes the United Nations General Assembly's adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, which seeks to bring transparency to the arms industry and thus ensure respect for international humanitarian law, and calls upon parliaments of OSCE participating States to take measures necessary to ratify the Treaty so that it can enter into force;
    11. Stresses the OSCE role in supporting global efforts to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and related materials and, in particular, its contribution to facilitating the implementation in the OSCE area of UN Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) in close co-ordination with relevant UN structures;
    12. Reiterates the need for further updating the Vienna Document in order to increase transparency and predictability, including lowering the thresholds at which States are obliged to inform each other of their military exercises, increasing opportunities for verification activity, modernizing and updating the exchange of military information, strengthening risk reduction mechanisms and enlarging the scope of confidence- and security-building measures;
    13. Supports the OSCE FSC decisions to provide assistance with collection and destruction and improving stockpile management and security, and encourages participating States to further request OSCE assistance on Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and ammunition;
    14. Stresses the importance of the OSCE Documents on Small Arms and Light Weapons and Stockpiles of Conventional Ammunition, and of FSC Decision 15/02 committing participating States to ensure effective controls of SALW and ammunition;
    15. Calls for renewed negotiations on the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, and urges all States parties to the Treaty to honour their CFE obligations;
    16. Urges OSCE participating States that are parties to the Open Skies Treaty to investigate ways of asset sharing in order to allow sufficient financial means for certification processes, training and aerial observation in order to contribute to the further development and strengthening of peace, stability and co-operative security;
    17. Recalls that the Open Skies Treaty is a unique measure of confidence, openness and transparency, and urges OSCE participating States that are parties to this Treaty to overcome as soon as possible the crisis concerning the work of the Open Skies Consultative Commission, which is detrimental to the functioning of this agreement;
    18. Welcomes the Open-Ended Working Group established by the United Nations General Assembly to take forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations, and the decision of the Inter- Parliamentary Union to focus in 2013-2014 on "Towards a nuclear-weapons-free world: The contribution of parliaments", and calls on OSCE participating States and OSCE parliamentarians to make use of these two opportunities to advance multilateral negotiations to achieve a nuclear-weapons-free world;
    19. Stresses the need for the rigorous implementation of Vilnius Ministerial Council Decision 3/11, Elements of the Conflict Cycle, which would allow the OSCE to enhance its capabilities in early warning, early action, dialogue facilitation, mediation support and post-conflict rehabilitation;
    20. Calls for intensified political efforts towards generating a peaceful and viable solution to the unresolved conflicts, urges the OSCE Chairmanship and parties to the conflicts to redouble efforts to find solutions to the tragic protracted conflicts in the Caucasus and the Republic of Moldova, calls on participating parties to ensure the beginning of the process of de-occupation of the territories of Georgia and recommends agreeing on mechanisms for the safe and dignified return of all internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region;
    21. Recalls United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security and urges participating States to continue promoting the active participation of women during all phases of the conflict cycle;
    22. In this connection, reiterates its recommendation to re-establish a meaningful OSCE presence in Georgia, to maintain the OSCE Office in Baku and to strengthen the OSCE Office in Yerevan and the OSCE Mission in the Republic of Moldova;
    23. Stresses in general the important role of OSCE field operations in areas related to all three OSCE dimensions, calls for this to be reflected in the political mandates of OSCE field operations and, in this regard, reiterates the need for the re-establishment of the OSCE presence in Belarus;
    24. Calls on the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs to continue their engagement with Armenia and Azerbaijan to seek solutions to the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh;
    25. Supports the Geneva International Discussions for finding solutions to the consequences of the 2008 war in Georgia, welcomes the decrease of security-related incidents and the work of the Ergneti Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism, encourages the resumption of the activities of the Gali Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism and urges the OSCE to continue its work on confidence- and security-building measures in Georgia, including through increased engagement with civil society;
    26. Supports the principles of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-violability of internationally recognized borders of participating States;
    27. Urges an immediate implementation of the 2010 OSCE PA Oslo and 2012 OSCE PA Monaco Declarations with regard to fully implementing the EU-brokered ceasefire, as well as facilitating the voluntary return in safety and dignity of all refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) from the 2008 war in Georgia;
    28. Welcomes the engagement of the Ukrainian Chairmanship and the progress made in the Transdniestrian settlement process, and strongly urges the parties involved in the conflict, as well as outside mediators, to work to maintain momentum and continue direct contacts between leaders from Chisinau and Tiraspol;
    29. Urges the OSCE to pay close attention to the security situation in Central Asia in the lead-up to the withdrawal of ISAF from Afghanistan and to form a plan to deal with any spill-over effect within field operations, the Conflict Prevention Centre and the Transnational Threats Department;
    30. Urges the OSCE to co-operate closely with other regional and international organizations in assisting the mitigation of possible security implications of ISAF withdrawal for the Central Asian region;
    31. Encourages the OSCE to increase its co-operation with participating States in Central Asia and the Partner for Co-operation Afghanistan, in particular in terms of combating drug trafficking and organized crime, which are contributing to instability in the region, but also by supporting key democratic institutions;
    32. Urges that any resolution to the protracted conflicts in the OSCE region include the promotion of the economic rights and empowerment of women;
    33. Calls on the OSCE to increase efforts to train border guards and law enforcement agents in Central Asia to secure borders and prevent terrorism, drug trafficking and extremism, and recommends that the OSCE give greater attention to cross-border co operation in general as a tool in the conflict cycle;
    34. Recalls the OSCE PA 2012 Resolution on the development of OSCE Co operation with Afghanistan by 2014 and Beyond and the Vilnius Ministerial Council Decision 04/11 of 2011 and again invites the OSCE to intensify contact and co-operation with Afghanistan and to help strengthen ties between Afghanistan and the Central Asian States in order to address security challenges;
    35. Strongly urges participating States and partner States to increase their contributions to co-operation projects in Afghanistan and to support field operations in Central Asia, both in their work in the three dimensions and in the promotion of OSCE values, standards and commitments;
    36. Reaffirms the need to ensure free and fair presidential elections, continue co-operation between ODIHR and Afghanistan and encourage the efforts of independent electoral institutions;
    37. Stresses that the security of the OSCE area is linked to that of the Mediterranean, requests that the OSCE increase engagement with its Mediterranean partners, including by envisaging the possibility of extending the partnership to those Mediterranean countries which observe its principles, considers that the Parliamentary Assembly should play a more prominent role in this area, and insists on the need to renew and strengthen the Mediterranean Forum;
    38. Strongly condemns the April terrorist attack in Boston at a sports event which served to bring people together in peace, and calls upon OSCE participating States to unite and increase international co-operation to fight terrorism in all its forms.