1. Recalling the 1975 Helsinki Final Act, in which the participating States recognized the universal significance of human rights and fundamental freedoms as an essential factor for the peace, justice and well-being necessary to ensure the development of friendly relations and co-operation among themselves as well as among all States,
    2. Bearing in mind its resolution of 2012 Fall Meetings in Tirana on the developments of the Turkish-Syrian Border,
    3. Appreciating the neighbouring countries for keeping their borders open and providing humanitarian assistance to Syrians fleeing from the violence in their country,
    4. Highlighting that in the absence of a sustainable political transition in accordance with the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people, extremism and radicalism would take deeper root in the country,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Urges the end to brute force against civilians and systematic violations of international law, particularly the use of ballistic missiles and other heavy weaponry;
    2. Reminds the OSCE participating States of their responsibility to uphold human rights, fundamental freedoms, democracy and the rule of law, and therefore urges participating States to unequivocally condemn in the strongest terms the crimes against humanity committed in Syria;
    3. Reaffirms the international community's commitment to a Syrian-led political transition for a democratic system based on constitutional equality where all citizens of Syria will enjoy the fundamental rights and freedoms regardless of their ethnic, religious or sectarian background;
    4. Underscores the urgent need to immediately stop cross-border aerial and artillery attacks targeting neighbouring countries of Syria;
    5. Urges the international community, and the UN Security Council in particular, to take decisive and urgent action with a view to fulfilling its primary responsibilities in terms of safeguarding international and regional peace, security and stability;
    6. Urges the international community to provide urgent financial support to the host countries of refugees to enable them to respond to the growing humanitarian needs of the Syrians and affected communities in accordance with the principle of burden sharing;
    7. Strongly encourages the participating States to increase their humanitarian assistance and to collaborate with relevant international institutions in order not only to alleviate the sufferings of the people of Syria, but also to share the burden of the neighbouring states of Syria;
    8. Endorses the continued appeals of the UN Secretary General to the regime for unfettered access to Syria for the United Nations Fact-Finding Mission without further delay and any pre-conditions to probe the alleged use of chemical weapons;
    9. Emphasizes that a credible and comprehensive inquiry requires full access to the sites where chemical weapons are reportedly used;
    10. Reaffirms its commitment to the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Syria;
    11. Reiterates the important role that parliamentarians can play in raising awareness and developing tangible responses, in conformity with the scale and scope of the humanitarian catastrophe taking place in Syria.