1. Recognizing the historic role played by the OSCE under Chapter VIII of the United Nations Charter in the peaceful settlement of conflicts and in the promotion of security in its area of influence,
    2. Considering the OSCE's vast experience in prevention, analysis, early warning, reaction, promotion of dialogue, support of mediation, establishment of a security environment, post-conflict rehabilitation, stabilization, confidence-building and reconstruction, namely, in all stages of a crisis cycle,
    3. Recalling successive documents which have shaped the OSCE's analysis in the field of post-conflict rehabilitation, from the Budapest Document of December 1994, up to and including the OSCE's Strategy to Address Threats to Security and Stability in the Twenty-First Century of 2003,
    4. Also recalling United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security and the need to promote the active participation of women during all phases of the conflict cycle,
    5. Fully aware of the OSCE's already comprehensive range of activities in post-conflict periods, such as the restoration of institutionality, judicial and electoral reforms, human rights empowerment, handling of inter-ethnic conflicts, educational reforms, protection of the rights of national minorities and economic recovery,
    6. Considering the framework of Decision No 3/11 by the Ministerial Council, Elements of the Conflict Cycle, adopted in Vilnius, and the tasking of the Secretary General to draft a proposal on how to make better use of the possible contributions of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in developing a more effective response to emerging crisis and conflict situations,
    7. Acknowledging the essential and specialized role played in this respect by the Conflict Prevention Centre, both in practical terms and in the reflection on these matters, by itself and together with interested participating States,
    8. Also considering the experience of the Non-Military Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs), despite being aware of their limitations,
    9. Considering likewise the Resolution adopted at the OSCE PA's Annual Session of 2012 in Monaco on "Enhancing Cross-border Co-operation Policies in Post-Conflict Scenarios",
    10. Bearing in mind the adoption by all regional integration international systems of the political paradigms of the principle of subsidiarity and multilevel governance,
    11. Acknowledging that local and regional authorities of all States represent at the same time the interests of their electors and the presence of the relevant State in their territories; that they enjoy political legitimacy, as well as being close to the problems of their towns and geographical areas; that they enjoy a well-deserved moral authority over their neighbours and civil society in their constituencies; that they play a growing role as economic and development agents; and that they have a practical and day-to-day knowledge on the feelings and opinions of their administered subjects,
    12. Considering that all these special features of local and regional authorities represent an enormous heritage of legitimacy and efficiency with a view to a peaceful resolution of conflict situations and to the implementation of rehabilitation post-conflict policies, without detriment to State competences in foreign affairs,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Recommends that participating States assess the role that can be played by local and/or regional authorities in the realistic and on-the-ground enforcement of the high-level international or bilateral agreements for the stabilisation and normalisation of the lives of peoples in the areas having suffered recent conflicts;
    2. Recommends that participating States engage local and/or regional authorities in the design, implementation and follow-up to the confidence-building and post-conflict rehabilitation measures affecting their territories, so that their authority contributes to reinforcing the social legitimacy of such measures in a context in which the population may be reluctant in cases of recent conflicts;
    3. Recommends that, in their engagement with local authorities, participating States and relevant OSCE structures encourage women's full and active participation in post-conflict rehabilitation and take steps to ensure that the opinions, needs and contributions of women and girls are taken into account;
    4. Recommends to participating States that the involvement of local and/or regional authorities be especially taken into account in conflicts related to borders or those that have a border component, so that the aforementioned authorities, under the supervision of the national ones, can co-operate with those of a neighbouring country in the setting up of economic and human bonds, thus reducing the possibility of new conflicts;
    5. Recommends that participating States and relevant centralized and decentralized OSCE structures resort to the expertise obtained thanks to the involvement in post conflict rehabilitation of the local and/or regional authorities, that they spread this expertise and incorporate it in their analysis tools with a view to its eventual implementation in different geographical areas.