1. Recalling the previous resolutions of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly addressing the issue of Transdniestrian settlement, adopted during earlier Annual Sessions,
    2. Reaffirming that the existence of an unsettled conflict in the Transdniestrian region of the Republic of Moldova continues to pose a serious threat to security and stability in Europe and the OSCE area,
    3. Reaffirming the OSCE commitments to finding a peaceful and sustainable solution to the Transdniestrian conflict through the 5+2 negotiations process,
    4. Recalling the Statement of the OSCE Ministerial Council on the Negotiations on the Transdniestrian Settlement Process in the 5+2 Format adopted in Dublin on 7 December 2012,
    5. Recognizing the progress in the conflict negotiations achieved since the resumption of the settlement talks in the 5+2 format in 2011 with the efforts of the mediators from the Russian Federation, Ukraine and the OSCE, as well as the European Union and the United States as observers,
    6. Recognizing that a broad support among the parliamentary forces and society on both banks of the Dniester/Nistru is an important element for a viable and sustainable settlement of the Transdniestrian conflict,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Considers that identification of special legal status for the Transdniestrian region in the composition of the Republic of Moldova while consolidating and ensuring the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova within its internationally recognized borders constitutes the major aim of the Transdniestrian conflict settlement process;
    2. Expresses its conviction that confidence building between both banks of the Dniester/Nistru, ensuring sustainable socio-economic growth in the region as well as further development of the civil society institutions and safeguarding of the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with norms and principles of international law are key components of the conflict settlement;
    3. Recognizes the opportunities offered by Ukraine's Chairmanship of the OSCE in 2013 for achieving further progress in the Transdniestrian settlement, taking into account the role of Ukraine as immediate neighbour and mediator in the 5+2 negotiation process;
    4. Endorses the commitment expressed by the Ukrainian OSCE Chairmanship to achieve progress in the Transdniestrian settlement, and in this regard commends the visit of the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Leonid Kozhara to the Republic of Moldova in January 2013;
    5. Encourages all political forces on both banks of the Dniester/Nistru to contribute constructively to the Transdniestrian settlement process and to support continuity in the dialogue between the sides at all levels;
    6. Expresses concern over the recent incidents in the Security Zone and urges all sides to intensify their efforts with regard to confidence- and security-building measures and to refrain from unilateral steps which may lead to deterioration of the security situation in the region;
    7. Welcomes the efforts aimed at facilitating a parliamentary dialogue between members of the Moldovan Parliament and representatives of the Transdniestrian Supreme Soviet;
    8. Calls upon all sides to exercise an inclusive approach and to engage with civil society and with media to promote the idea of conflict settlement and to raise awareness of the ongoing process;
    9. Calls upon all participants of the 5+2 negotiation process to co-operate closely and to intensify their co-ordinated efforts in advancing the negotiations on all three baskets of the agreed agenda: socio-economic issues, general legal and humanitarian issues and human rights, and comprehensive settlement, including institutional, political and security issues;
    10. Recognizes the important stabilizing role played by the existing peacekeeping operation in the region and recalls that in the Moscow statement of 18 March 2009 all sides called for transformation of the existing operation into a peace-guaranteeing operation under OSCE auspices in the context of the Transdniestrian settlement;
    11. Reiterates its commitment to supporting the important work done by the OSCE Mission to the Republic of Moldova;
    12. Reiterates the readiness of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly's Parliamentary Team on Moldova to support peace, stability and the rule of law in the country, including through the support of political dialogue in the Transdniestrian settlement process.