RESOLUTION ON THE SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND ITS EFFECT ON THE OSCE AREA

    1. Seriously concerned by the crisis caused by the Syrian Civil War and its immediate impact on neighbouring States,
    2. Deeply concerned by the humanitarian crisis of the refugees fleeing the war and its possible destabilising effects on the area,
    3. Reiterating the conclusions adopted by the Action Group for Syria in Geneva on 30 June 2012,
    4. Recalling the UN and European Parliament Resolutions on the conflict in Syria,
    5. Concerned at persisting challenges in the Middle East and the North African region in direct or indirect connection with the Arab Spring and considering that the situation in several OSCE Mediterranean participating and non participating States is still unstable and their democratic processes are still not consolidated,
    6. Considering that the continuation of the conflict between Israel and Palestine affects and indeed negatively influences democratic development in the Middle East and in the Mediterranean area in general,
    7. Recalling the Resolution on supporting the Peace Process in the Middle East adopted by the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly at the Oslo Annual Session (July 2010),
    8. Recalling the Resolution adopted by the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in July 2012 during the Monaco Annual Session on OSCE and Emerging Democracies in the Arab World,
    9. Recalling the Resolution on Turkish-Syrian Border adopted by the Standing Committee of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in its meeting held in Tirana in October 2012,
    10. Bearing in mind the debates on the situation in the Mediterranean area and in the OSCE Mediterranean Partner countries held on the occasion of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly Winter Meetings in February 2011 and February 2013,
    11. Underlining the conclusions of the special report drafted by the International Secretariat of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly on The Humanitarian Crisis in Syria,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Notes the US-Russian initiative to convene a peace conference on Syria based on the principles agreed to in the Geneva talks in June 2012 and stresses the urgent need for a political consensus for a negotiated political solution to prevail that will ensure full respect for the sovereignty of Syria and the will of its people;
    2. Urges OSCE participating States to comply with their commitments to humanitarian matters in order to offer the greatest possible assistance to Syrian refugees;
    3. Calls on OSCE participating States to provide the greatest possible support to the governments of Turkey and Jordan with a view to a greater coordination in the provision of assistance to Syrian refugees;
    4. Recognizes that substantial progress in the Middle East peace process is central to efforts to achieve peace, stability and democratic development in the region and stresses the urgent need for the resumption of negotiations to this end;
    5. Urges OSCE participating States to define and grant an adequate status to Palestine allowing the active participation of its representatives as observers in the work of the OSCE;
    6. Recommends that the OSCE establish and develop contacts at the highest possible level with the Government of Libya so that it can become a Mediterranean Partner country;
    7. Calls on the Standing Committee of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly to reinforce the status of the Mediterranean Forum as a meeting place for dialogue and to continue working more efficiently with the OSCE Mediterranean Partner countries with a view to achieving peace and democratic, economic and social development in the region;
    8. Recommends parliaments of the OSCE Mediterranean Partner countries to actively and regularly engage in the work of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly, including the Mediterranean Forum.