1. Recalling the provisions on energy security and protection of the environment contained in the relevant OSCE Parliamentary declarations and resolutions,
    2. Recognizing that energy is one of the engines of inclusive growth and key to sustainable development,
    3. Acknowledging that energy has a basic role in improving quality of life and fostering economic growth, and the existence of trade-offs and synergies across supply security and environment issues, and noting that any delay of access to sustainable and affordable energy services have the potential to hamper sustainable economic development and quality of life in participating States,
    4. Recognizing that ensuring energy security is one of the global challenges which requires global solutions with due respect to international law and States' sovereign energy rights and that there is an urgent need to increase efficiency in dealing with energy security, economic development and environmental sustainability,
    5. Underlining that access to affordable, constant and secure energy supply is of paramount importance for our societies,
    6. Recognizing the need to enhance co-operation and dialogue among producers, transit countries and consumers,
    7. Recalling that emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from energy related activities contribute considerably to negative changes in the Earth's climate system,
    8. Highlighting that the level of increase in the transportation of hydrocarbons through choke points and narrow waterways poses serious environmental, social and economic risks, and increases concern over human life and ecosystem health,
    9. Acknowledging that the physical protection of energy infrastructure including pipelines as well as safety of navigation through maritime choke points and narrow waterways has gained utmost importance in recent years,
    10. Recognizing that recent dramatic changes in the energy field, especially the so-called "shale gas revolution" and their possible environmental consequences should be closely monitored and assessed,
    11. Concerned at the risks that the nuclear energy projects of participating States in environmentally fragile areas, including highly seismic sites, pose to public health and overall security in the OSCE region and neighbouring areas,
    12. Underlining that activities aiming at ensuring energy security may have adverse impacts on the environment and that it is necessary to identify these impacts in the OSCE area,
    13. Welcoming participating States' increased efforts to protect the environment through their integrated policies and strategies, and emphasizing the need for increased co operation among OSCE Members, as well as international and regional co operation,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Being aware that environmental problems are not restricted to the countries of their origin, calls on participating States to seek means of co-operation in developing tools to assess the options for identifying and minimizing the externalities of energy security policies in the OSCE region;
    2. Notes that reducing the environmental footprint of energy security policies will further enhance regional security, stability and prosperity, and calls for awareness raising activities throughout the OSCE region in promoting environmentally sustainable energy;
    3. Stresses the necessity for diligent conduct of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) for energy related activities;
    4. Underlines that upstream, midstream and downstream activities for production and transportation of hydrocarbon resources should observe international standards and best practices in a way that ensures environmental and social concerns are fully addressed;
    5. Urges participating States and private companies operating in oil and gas markets to show due diligence in the transportation of hydrocarbon resources through maritime chokepoints;
    6. Highlights that oil spills caused by increased traffic constitute a major risk for the marine ecosystem as well as security of surrounding cities;
    7. Cautions that adverse impacts of energy consumption on the environment might have serious consequences on, inter alia, health, water, soil, air, biological diversity, food security and human lives, and calls upon participating States, regional organizations and other parties to increase co-operation in identifying policies that minimize the threat to the environment;
    8. Calls on the OSCE participating States to better integrate their national economic, energy security, climate and environmental policies, and recommends the enactment and implementation necessary legislation in order to eliminate the trade-off between energy security and environmental sustainability to the maximum possible extent;
    9. Encourages participating States to seek ways to enhance energy security through increased use of renewable energy resources, deploying environmentally friendly technologies and enhancing energy efficiency and good governance within their respective national capabilities;
    10. Calls on participating States to improve access to sustainable modern energy services by mobilizing adequate financial resources in order to provide these services in a reliable, affordable, economically viable and socially and environmentally acceptable manner;
    11. Commends that the Environment and Security Initiative (ENVSEC) which was launched in 2003 has been further enhanced under the Chairmanship of the OSCE in the last two years;
    12. Takes note with appreciation that the energy-environment nexus has taken its well deserved place at the top of the OSCE agenda in recent years, and recommends that the OSCE remains engaged in this matter;
    13. Encourages the OSCE Secretariat to collaborate with the relevant international and regional organizations and institutions in this field to enhance co-operation and avoid duplication of their work.