RESOLUTION ON GENDER ASPECTS OF LABOUR MIGRATION

    1. Reaffirming its commitment to implement the principles proclaimed in the Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (New York, 1967) and, to that end, to adopt measures to eliminate such discrimination in all its forms and manifestations,
    2. Stressing that effective gender mainstreaming for achieving equality between men and women is essential for making full use of human capital in the OSCE region,
    3. Taking into account that the OSCE commitments in the field of migration focus on the implementation of policy objectives in three main areas, namely: (1) protecting migrants; (2) reaping the benefits and mitigating the adverse effects of migration in the countries of origin and the countries of destination; and (3) strengthening co operation between the countries of origin and the countries of destination in the management of migration,
    4. Supporting a comprehensive approach to migration policy based on international standards for migration,
    5. Bearing in mind that the feminization of migration has become a global trend,
    6. Recognizing the significant contribution made by female migrant workers to the economic and social development of the countries of departure and the countries of destination,
    7. Expressing concern that female migrant workers may face additional difficulties and discrimination at all stages of the migration process due to limited access to certain types and sectors of employment, educational requirements and existing stereotypes,
    8. Also expressing concern about the considerable risk that female migrant workers have of finding themselves in a vulnerable situation and about the number of victims of abuse, including through violence and trafficking,
    9. Taking into account international principles and norms of international law as well as the documents of specialized international organizations on questions of gender policy and migration,
    10. Bearing in mind the declarations of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly on questions of gender policy and migration,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Calls upon participating States to elaborate and implement a gender-sensitive migration policy aimed at:

i. the creation of a political and legal environment conducive to equal opportunities for employment and equal access to its blessings and benefits for both male and female migrants;

ii. the implementation of a strategy which includes the application of both general provisions on the protection of migrants and provisions designed specifically for the protection of female migrant workers that improve their opportunities in the areas of freedom of choice, access to resources and the enjoyment of their rights;

    1. Encourages participating States to use best practices for promoting the principle of non discrimination and to ensure co-ordination and co-operation between parliaments, Governments and other stakeholders (trade unions, non-governmental organizations, diaspora organizations and corporations) in the support and protection of female migrant workers;
    2. Draws attention to the need for participating States to strengthen measures to suppress unregulated migration and criminal networks engaged in the smuggling and trafficking of persons;
    3. Refers to the relationship between the legal status of female migrant workers and their degree of protection from abuse and exploitation, and in that connection gives priority to the creation of a preventive measure for legal migration channels for women;
    4. Invites participating States which are countries of origin to make use of the possibility of ensuring the safe migration of their female citizens through the creation of legal and institutional mechanisms that protect and enhance their opportunities at the recruitment stage and prior to migration (including through the provision of information, the organization of training and the upgrading of qualifications for future migrants);
    5. Supports multilateral and bilateral co-operation between the countries of origin and the countries of destination in the regulation of general migration issues in order to strengthen legal migration and combat trafficking in persons;
    6. Calls upon participating States to co-operate effectively with international organizations specialized in the fields of women's rights and migration.