RESOLUTION ON ENSURING THAT CHILDREN HAVE THE RIGHT TO BE PROTECTED FROM ECONOMIC EXPLOITATION

    1. Recognizing the continued and special relevance of the provisions of the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children (New York, 1990) which underscore that:
      1. the well-being of children requires political action at the highest level,
      2. there is a need to give high priority to the rights of children, to their survival and to their protection and development,
    1. Recalling that the Convention on the Rights of the Child (New York, 1989) recognizes the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development,
    2. Expressing concern about the increasingly widespread practice of child labour, including its worst forms, which for the purposes of the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No. 182 concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (Geneva, 1999) comprises:
      1. all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict;
      2. the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances;
      3. the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant international treaties,iv. work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children,
    1. Noting that the worst forms of exploitation of children increasingly have an international dimension,
    2. Taking into account that the use of child labour is primarily dictated by economic factors and that its elimination is linked to sustainable economic growth, which results in social progress, including poverty eradication and universal education,
    3. Convinced, however, that the employment of children in work that adversely affects their health and morals and prevents them from receiving a full education seriously undermines the economic viability of society and the long-term prospects of its development,
    4. Sharing the conviction of the international community that the worst forms of child labour are unacceptable and harmful to the welfare of children and to society as a whole and that their eradication requires immediate and comprehensive action at national and international level,
    5. Bearing in mind international principles and norms of international law as well as the documents of specialized international organizations on guaranteeing the rights of children,
    6. Bearing in mind the declarations of the Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE concerning the rights of children,
    7. Taking into account the resolution on combating trafficking and the exploitation of children in pornography adopted at the 15th annual session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in Brussels and OSCE Council of Ministers decision No. 15/06 on combating sexual exploitation of children,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Condemns the economic exploitation of children, which constitutes one of the worst forms of child labour as defined in International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No. 182 concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (Geneva, 1999), as well as work performed by children under the minimum age for admission to employment established in national legislation for the types and conditions of work set out in ILO Convention No. 138 concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment (Geneva, 1973);
    2. Calls upon the participating States to consider the eradication of the economic exploitation of children as an essential aspect of policy and to that end to take comprehensive and co-ordinated action in the following key areas: public awareness raising, legislative and executive measures, education, and support for children and their families;
    3. Draws attention to the need to give due consideration to each nation's traditions and cultural values in the area of the protection and harmonious development of children when elaborating national programmes for the eradication of the economic exploitation of children;
    4. Stresses the importance, in efforts to eradicate the economic exploitation of children, of ensuring free and compulsory education for both boys and girls, as well as – in many States – reforming school curricula to allow for local factors and conditions;
    5. Calls on the parliaments of participating States to step up activities aimed at ensuring the right of children to be protected from economic exploitation, including through the following measures:
      1. enacting legislation that makes the abolition of child labour the ultimate goal of State policy, and clearly defining and prohibiting the economic exploitation of children as a matter of priority;
      2. making allocations in the national budget for the programmes and work of organizations that play an important role in the implementation of programmes for the eradication of the worst forms of child labour;
      3. monitoring the activities of authorized governmental agencies;
      4. mobilizing public opinion for the fight against child labour, with a focus on the worst cases of child exploitation;
      5. co-operating with international and non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders of civil society;
    1. Reiterates its call for participating States to take appropriate measures to interact on eradicating the economic exploitation of children through greater international co operation and/or assistance, including support for social and economic development, poverty alleviation programmes and universal education;
    2. Recommends that ensuring the rights of migrant children, who are the most vulnerable category of children, should be considered a priority of international action aimed at combating their economic exploitation;
    3. Suggests that, when determining the international prestige of a State and the possibility of its access to the international market as a function of its commitment to combating the economic exploitation of children, strong support should be given to States which set the goal of eliminating the worst forms of child labour;
    4. Believes that the global and sustained mobilization of the forces needed for successfully addressing the crucial issue of ensuring the right of children to be protected from economic exploitation that is not a function of the level of development of a State, cultural or national traditions or political opinions is only possible through active international co-operation in this area.