1. 1. Considering that:
      1. Dignity and equality are fundamental rights and key principles of both the OSCE and the European Union,
      2. Comprehensive immigration reform is essential to achieving strategic objectives in terms of social and economic cohesion,
      3. Discrimination on the grounds of nationality is detrimental to society as a whole and undermines support for, and confidence in, the value of equality and the rule of law,
      4. Equality of opportunity for Mediterranean people and the protection of their human rights are essential to security, peace, stability and sustainable democracy, and hence to economic growth in the OSCE area,
      5. International actors like the OSCE and the European Union cannot ignore the humanitarian consequences of the Mediterranean crises,
      6. It is still difficult to enter the European Union legally,
      7. In the EU, the so-called "Dublin system" should be revised due to the following reasons:
        1. In EU Regulation No. 604/2013 of 26 June 2013, the innovations are marginal compared to D II (Council Regulation EC No. 343/2003 of 18 February 2003),
        2. In particular, the safeguards defined in article 33 are still not enough and do not represent a long-term solution,
        3. People receiving international protection almost always remain stuck in the country of first asylum,
      8. A new, fair, comprehensive immigration and asylum policy at the European level is necessary to prevent future tragedies in the OSCE area,
    2. Taking into account the Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 28 July 1951, as supplemented by the New York Protocol of 31 January 1967 ("The Geneva Convention"), which ensures that no one is sent back to their country of origin to face persecution, maintaining the principle of "non-refoulement",
    3. Recalling the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union,
    4. Remembering the 1990 United Nations International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrants,
    5. Referring to the Stockholm Programme in which the European Council reiterated its commitment to establish a common area of protection and solidarity for those granted international protection in accordance with Article 78 of the treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU),
    6. Recalling EU Regulation No. 604/2013 which established the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection petitioned in one of the Member States by a third-country national or a stateless person,
    7. Having regard for the European Parliament's Resolution of 23 October 2013 on migratory flows in the Mediterranean, with particular reference to the tragic events off the coast of Lampedusa in October of 2013 (2013/2827 RSP),
    8. Referencing the conclusions of the European Council (19/20 December 2013), Part. IV "Migration Flows",
    9. Having regard to the European Commission communication entitled "The Global Approach to Migration and Mobility" dated 18.11.2011,
    10. Welcoming the decision to establish the Task Force Mediterranean, set up following the Justice and Home Affairs Council of 7-8 October 2013 in order to identify tools which could be used in a more effective way to keep human tragedies, such as the events that occurred off the coast of Lampedusa, from happening again,
    11. Considering the communication from the European Commission on the work of the Task Force Mediterranean,
    12. Emphasizing that the European Commission has suggested that migrants should be able to apply for asylum in the EU from abroad to discourage them from undertaking often perilous journeys to reach Europe,
    13. Taking into account the fact that women immigrants face much more serious and multiple types of discrimination than men in a myriad of ways, immigration regulations in the OSCE area should take account of the social protection and inclusion of socially vulnerable people, e.g. women, children and young people,
    14. Believing that there is a serious need in the OSCE area for renewed efforts to apply the most innovative aspects of national legislation and policy, such as unconditional assistance and projects for social inclusion,
    15. Remaining fully committed to working in close collaboration with global and regional partners,
    16. Acting in accordance with ordinary legislative procedures,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Asks the participating States to reinforce dialogue with countries of origin and transit as part of broader OSCE actions on migration;
    2. Asks the participating States to call for a comprehensive immigration reform at the national and European level;
    3. In particular asks the participating Member States of the EU:
      1. To explore new legal channels to safely access the European Union;
      2. To commit to a solidarity policy on asylum, so that the burden of responsibility will not fall on those countries whose borders are most exposed;
      3. To ensure greater financial compensation for Member States that face the pressure of mass inflows of asylum seekers;
      4. To totally revise the so-called "Dublin system" and in particular EU Regulation No. 604/2013 of 26 June 2013;
    4. Recommends that, in accordance with the European Commission's evaluation, immediate measures are taken by means of long-term programmes and initiatives aimed at addressing the root causes of irregular migration working in close co-operation with third countries especially countries of origin and transit;
    5. Encourages the further development of co-operation, information exchange and synergies between participating States in the fields of migration and border control ensuring a sustainable return of irregular migrants;
    6. Encourages the participating States to promote assistance and to offer fair educational opportunities to the children of immigrants in their territory;
    7. Encourages the sponsoring of measures to facilitate the incorporation of legal immigrants in the labour market, as well as promoting more legal mobility opportunities to study and work;
    8. Further asks the participating States to establish opportunities for raising awareness about immigration supporting activities that contribute to improving the health and education of immigrants;
    9. Further requests that the participating States evaluate the opportunity to establish a permanent Observatory on immigration in the OSCE area;
    10. Invites the OSCE institutions to report on progress made in meeting the commitments set out in this resolution.