RECALLING THE SPIRIT OF HELSINKI

CHAPTER I

POLITICAL AFFAIRS AND SECURITY

    1. Recalling the undiminished validity and historic role of the guiding principles and common values of the Helsinki Final Act signed in 1975, and reaffirming the commitment that participating States made “to peace, security and justice” with the objective of “promoting better relations among themselves and ensuring conditions in which their people can live in true and lasting peace free from any threat to or attempt against their security,”

    2. Recalling the Charter of Paris for a New Europe adopted in 1990, which led to the creation of permanent institutions and operational capabilities, including the Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE,

    3. Recalling the Decision on the Helsinki +40 Process launched at the Ministerial Council meeting in Dublin in 2012, the Declaration on Furthering the Helsinki +40 Process of the Kyiv Ministerial Council in 2013, and the Declaration on Further Steps in the Helsinki +40 Process adopted by the Basel Ministerial Council in 2014, and considering the OSCE’s Helsinki +40 Process an opportunity for the OSCE to reaffirm the relevance of its founding principles relating to international law,

    4. Stressing the need for enhanced efforts to settle protracted conflicts in the OSCE area in a peaceful and negotiated manner, refraining from the threat or use of force and respecting the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the countries involved, within their internationally recognized borders, in full respect of the United Nations Charter and the Helsinki Final Act,

    5. Acknowledging the significance of the OSCE PA as an inclusive and comprehensive forum that facilitates dialogue and ultimately helps achieve diplomatic solutions to conflicts in the OSCE area without exclusions that would compromise its influence, as noted in the Astana Commemorative Declaration,

    6. Recognizing the need to proceed with the ongoing discussions and negotiations in order to update and modernize the 2011 Vienna Document on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures,

    7. Stressing the high relevance of the Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security, regarding norms of politico-military conduct between and within States and the need for its effective implementation and best use as a confidence-building tool for further promoting openness and transparency in the field of arms control,

    8. Regretting Russia’s withdrawal from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), which hinders constructive dialogue on arms control and confidence building measures and mechanisms,

    9. Welcoming the entry into force on 24 December 2014 of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), a new chapter in collective efforts to bring responsibility, accountability and transparency to the global arms trade,

    10. Deeply deploring Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, including its illegal annexation and occupation of Crimea, in clear breach of the Helsinki Final Act principles and international law, which endangers broader Euro-Atlantic peace and stability and caused one of the worst crises in the Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian area since the fall of the Berlin Wall,

    11. Expressing deep concern at increased nuclear threats arising from the deteriorating relationship between Russia and NATO, including potential violations of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, statements indicating an increased readiness to use nuclear weapons, and statements indicating potential plans to deploy nuclear weapons to additional territories in Europe,

    12. Calling on all parties to fully implement the Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements, adopted and signed on 12 February 2015 in Minsk by all signatories who also signed the Minsk Protocol of 5 September 2014, and the Memorandum of 19 September 2014, which is an essential step towards a peaceful settlement of the crisis in and around Ukraine, and condemning the ongoing violations of the ceasefire,

    13. Welcoming the deployment of the Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine, which is an essential means of monitoring and supporting the implementation of all OSCE principles and commitments and of assisting in the implementation of the Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements, including the Minsk Protocol and the Minsk Memorandum,

    14. Urging all parties to the conflict in and around Ukraine, in keeping with the spirit and letter of the Minsk Agreement, to allow SMM monitors unfettered access to all parts of the territory of Ukraine, including Crimea and the area bordering the Russian Federation, with safety guarantees,

    15. Highlighting the role of the OSCE in engaging all parties in constructive dialogue, monitoring and supporting the implementation of all OSCE principles and commitments on the ground, preventing further escalation of the crisis and promoting a diplomatic process towards a peaceful settlement of the crisis,

    16. Welcoming the renewed partnership between the Project Co-ordinator in Ukraine and the Ukrainian authorities on implementing an ambitious reform agenda,

    17. Calling on Russia to use its full influence on the illegal separatists in Ukraine to comply with all commitments under the Minsk Agreement,

    18. Regretting that no consensus was reached on the declaration on Ukraine at the 2014 OSCE Ministerial Council in Basel,

    19. Underlining the need to strengthen the OSCE’s engagement in the process of peaceful resolution of the conflict in Georgia, particularly in the Geneva International Discussions,

    20. Expressing concern over the rapid evolution of the terrorist threat which has presented new challenges in the OSCE area and beyond, and condemning in the strongest terms the barbaric terrorist attacks in Canada, Paris, Copenhagen, Tunisia, and elsewhere, targeted at values of democracy, tolerance, freedom of expression and freedom of religion that the OSCE embodies,

    21. Expressing deep concern over the acute and growing threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters, and welcoming the declarations on the OSCE Role in Countering the Phenomenon of Foreign Terrorist Fighters and on the OSCE Role in Countering Kidnapping and Hostage-Taking Committed by Terrorist Groups adopted at the 2014 OSCE Ministerial Council in Basel, which reaffirm the need to enhance international co-operation to fight terrorism in all its forms, to prevent the movement of foreign terrorist fighters and to adopt effective measures for the prevention of the financing of terrorist organizations,

    22. Recognizing the positive developments and significant progress in the international negotiations between the E3+3 group and the Islamic Republic of Iran to find a comprehensive resolution that will ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear programme,

    23. Welcoming the “Humanitarian Pledge”, initiated by Austria and endorsed by over 100 governments, that notes the catastrophic humanitarian consequences that would result from any use of nuclear weapons and commits to “filling the legal gap” for the prohibition and elimination of nuclear weapons,

    24. Expressing deep concern over the mass drownings in the Mediterranean Sea, involving hundreds of migrants fleeing conflict, poverty, political instability and human rights abuses in Africa and the Middle East, and the insufficient solidarity and burden-sharing among EU countries,

    25. Reaffirming its strong commitment to the Mediterranean Partners for Co-operation, based on the inextricable security link between the Mediterranean and the OSCE regions, and stressing the need for an enhanced OSCE Mediterranean dimension to be adequately reflected in the Helsinki +40 process and in overall efforts to address the root causes of global security threats,

    26. Condemning without reserve all the manifestations of anti-Semitism, and stressing the need to improve the implementation of OSCE commitments to combat anti-Semitism, as highlighted in the Berlin Declaration, and to further promote and strengthen non-discrimination and tolerance in the OSCE area,

    27. Acknowledging that today it is an indisputable fact that societies and countries characterized by social and gender equality flourish in several respects. This applies to everything from public confidence in politics, security aspects and welfare, to democratic development, both in community planning and various civil society activities,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

    1. Reconfirms the fundamental principles governing the behaviour of States towards their citizens and each other as established by the Helsinki Final Act in 1975, and encourages all participating States to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the principles contained in the Helsinki Final Act, the purposes of the United Nations, and all OSCE norms and commitments;

    2. Calls for a strong commitment by participating States to the Vienna Document on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures, and for the further updating and modernizing of the document, with the aim of increasing predictability, openness and transparency in the exchange of information on the armed forces of participating States, and opportunities for verification activities;

    3. Calls upon OSCE participating States to recognize the relevance of democratic control of armed and security forces and to better implement and further develop the Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security in the context of the existing political and military situation;

    4. Stresses the importance of pursuing conventional arms control and improving the effectiveness of existing confidence- and security-building measures, including verification activities, in order to give stimulus to the Helsinki principles and put them successfully into practice;

    5. Acknowledges the high significance of the ATT in global efforts aimed at achieving a solid security community, and calls for universal participation in the treaty, by encouraging all States, particularly major arms exporters and importers, to join it without further delay and to strictly adhere to its provisions, including by updating national legislative frameworks where needed;

    6. Urges the Russian Federation to reconsider its withdrawal from the CFE Treaty, to honour its Treaty obligations, and resume dialogue with the international community on CFE-related matters;

    7. Encourages participating States to take any necessary measure to prevent a further erosion of trust and confidence within the OSCE, which has already had an increasingly detrimental effect on the dialogue on politico-military aspects of security within OSCE Institutions;

    8. Calls on all OSCE States with nuclear weapons or under extended nuclear deterrence relationships to reduce the risks of a nuclear war by taking nuclear weapons off high alert, and by adopting no-first-use policies;

    9. Calls on all participating OSCE States to co-operate in filling the legal gap to prohibit and eliminate nuclear weapons, by supporting United Nations facilitated deliberations and negotiations for multilateral nuclear disarmament, commencing with the renewal by the United Nations General Assembly of the Open Ended Working Group on taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations;

    10. Stresses the important role of the OSCE autonomous institutions and field operations in assisting participating States in implementation of the OSCE commitments, and calls for OSCE field operations to receive the funding they need to carry out their vital work;

    11. Reconfirms that addressing protracted conflicts in the OSCE area and pursuing progress towards their settlement in a peaceful and negotiated manner, within agreed frameworks, in accordance with the United Nations Charter, the Helsinki Final Act and international law, remains a priority for the Organization;

    12. Welcomes the active engagement of the OSCE Chairmanship in the crisis in and around Ukraine and the deployment of the Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine as well as the initiatives and activities of OSCE Institutions and structures and other relevant international organizations operating in Ukraine with the aim of reducing tensions being stoked by illegal Russian-backed armed groups, and resolution of this crisis by diplomatic means on the basis of international law, while fully respecting the sovereignty, political independence, unity and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders;

    13. Calls on the OSCE and all participating States to help ensure that the Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine receives all the funding it needs and is as well-staffed and well-equipped as possible to perform its critical duties, in particular in terms of security and access to healthcare, as well as food and accommodation;

    14. Stresses the need to ensure safe access for SMM monitors throughout all of Ukraine, including Crimea and areas bordering the Russian Federation, and the importance of guaranteeing their security;

    15. Calls for the expansion of the OSCE observer mission to two Russian check points on the Russian-Ukrainian border to all relevant check-points in the Russian territory bordering Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine as well as the areas between those check-points to allow proper and comprehensive monitoring on the Ukrainian-Russian border and verification by the OSCE;

    16. Calls for the strict and full implementation of all provisions of the Minsk Agreement, starting with a comprehensive ceasefire and the withdrawal of heavy weapons, foreign armed formations and military equipment, as well as the removal of mercenaries from the territory of Ukraine;

    17. Calls for the resumption of a Ukraine-owned and Ukrainian-led inclusive national dialogue that includes all parts of Ukraine, and stresses the OSCE role in this regard;

    18. Stresses the need to respect the principles of inviolability of frontiers and territorial integrity, peaceful settlement of disputes, equal rights and self-determination of peoples, as specified in the Helsinki Final Act, and calls on the Russian Federation to reverse the annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol in Ukraine;

    19. Calls for greater transparency and urgency in the investigation into the downing of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17, and a full accounting of this tragedy with a view towards ensuring justice and closure for the victims and their families;

    20. Stresses the need to take effective measures to combat new forms of proxy and hybrid warfare and destabilization tactics, which also involve rapidly increasing disinformation and propaganda campaigns, and which are posing serious risks to the stability and security of the OSCE area as a whole;

    21. Calls for further improvement of the OSCE’s effectiveness in tackling transnational threats and challenges;

    22. Calls upon participating States and Partners for Co-operation to unite and increase international co-operation to fight terrorism in all its forms, in accordance with United Nations Security Council resolutions on combating terrorism, comprehensive terrorism conventions and protocols, and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime;

    23. Stresses the need to put more emphasis on the prevention of terrorism, in particular on countering the radicalization, recruitment, equipment and financing of terrorism and addressing underlying factors that provide opportunities for terrorist groups to flourish;

    24. Recommends increased co-operation among OSCE participating States regarding the development and implementation of national activities related to various aspects of cyber security, particularly to take all necessary measures to prevent the use of information and communication technologies for terrorist purposes, while promoting a multidimensional approach to cyber security that takes into account the interests of various stakeholders and ensures respect for freedom of expression;

    25. Emphasizes that the OSCE’s consensus rule remains a serious obstacle to effective and immediate actions in times of crisis, and calls on participating States to address this issue in order to prevent countries from wielding an effective veto over the decision-making of the Organization;

    26. Calls upon the OSCE to upgrade its Mediterranean dimension so that it better reflects the realities of the region, including by eventually extending partnership to those countries which share its principles;

    27. Stresses the high potential of parliamentary diplomacy, within and beyond the OSCE Parliamentary Mediterranean Forum, and the significance of a more substantial and proactive role of the OSCE PA in this region;

    28. Stresses the crucial role of parliaments in efforts to implement comprehensive and effective migration management and integration policies, and encourages OSCE participating States to further engage with the Mediterranean Partners for Co operation and reinforce dialogue between countries of origin, transit and destination;

    29. Acknowledges the important role that parliamentarians play in efforts to prevent genocide by condemning past genocides and raising their voices against ongoing massive and grave human rights violations, particularly against Christians and other ethnic and religious minorities in Syria and Iraq;

    30. Calls upon participating States to be proactive and highlight the need for women’s natural active participation in all contexts relating to the development of society, democratization, environmental and climate efforts and human rights;

    31. Encourages participating States to take effective measures to provide comprehensive security guarantees and humanitarian relief to women in conflicts, and calls for the development of an OSCE-wide action plan on women, peace and security, which could be an important step in ending widespread conflict-related sexual violence, in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions 1325 and 1820;

    32. Acknowledges the role of the OSCE in supporting global efforts to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction and related materials and, in particular, its contribution to the implementation by the participating States of UN Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) on close co operation with United Nations bodies;

    33. Reiterates the need to address the continuing structural imbalances in the representation of women and men in various parts of the OSCE, in particular in the politico-military dimension, and emphasizes the importance of empowering women to contribute fully to protection, mediation and resolution efforts at all phases of the conflict cycle.